How to Build a Pergola: The Step-by-Step Guide

How to Build a Pergola: The Step-by-Step Guide

Are you looking to add a beautiful outdoor structure to your backyard? A pergola is a great addition that can provide shade and an aesthetically pleasing structure to any outdoor room.

This guide will provide all the information you need to build a pergola step-by-step. From choosing the right materials and tools to construction, staining, and maintenance, this guide will help you create the perfect Pergola for your backyard.

What is a Pergola?

A pergola is an outdoor structure typically made of wood, metal, or stone for shade or decoration. It typically consists of columns or posts that support cross beams and rafters, which are then covered with climbing plant hangers.

Pergolas may also have lattice walls and roofs for additional privacy or to create an outdoor living space.

Types of Pergola

how to build a pergola

The various types of pergolas are as follows:

Open-Top Pergolas

Open-top pergolas are an ideal option for people looking to install a structure in their outdoor space that allows them to enjoy the outdoors while providing shade and protection from the elements.

Open-top pergolas are constructed of metal or wood and feature an open roof with slats or lattice-like material that allows light and air to pass through. These pergolas are typically freestanding and can be placed against a wall or other structure.

Steel Pergolas

Steel pergolas and gazebos are becoming increasingly popular as outdoor structures. They provide a sturdy and attractive addition to any backyard and are available in various styles, colors, and sizes.

In addition, steel pergolas and gazebos are built to last and require minimal maintenance, making them a great choice for those looking for a low-maintenance structure.

Gable Pergolas

Gable pergolas are open, outdoor structures that can add interest to a garden or outdoor living space. They are constructed from wood or metal posts, beams, and rafters, typically featuring a gable roof.

Gable pergolas provide shade and architectural interest and can be customized with various colors, materials, and design elements.

Sail Pergolas

Sail pergolas are a modern and stylish way to add shade and shelter to an outdoor area. They are constructed from sail cloth panels held in place by a frame made from metal or wood.

The panels can be easily adjusted to create different levels of shade and protection. Sail pergolas create an inviting and cozy patio, deck, or garden atmosphere.

Vinyl Pergolas

Vinyl pergolas are outdoor structures made from vinyl, a type of plastic. They typically provide shade and a decorative element to a garden or outdoor living space. Vinyl pergolas can be built in many different styles and shapes and are usually easy to assemble and maintain.

How much does it cost to build a Pergola?

how to build a pergola

The cost of building a pergola can vary depending on size, materials, and location. A basic pergola can cost anywhere from $2,000 to $5,000, while more elaborate or custom designs can cost upwards of $10,000 or more.

Therefore, getting multiple quotes and comparing prices from different contractors is important to ensure you get the best deal.

Tools Required to Build a Pergola

The tools required to build a pergola will depend on the design and materials used, but some common tools that may be needed include:

  • Power drill and various drill bits
  • Circular saw
  • Miter saw
  • Level
  • Tape measure
  • Square
  • Framing square
  • Posthole digger or auger
  • Shovel
  • Plumb
  • Hand saw
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Braces
  • Carpenter's hammer
  • Framing hammer
  • Sledgehammer
  • Carpenter's pencil
  • Screw gun
  • Washer
  • Safety gear (such as goggles, ear protection, and gloves)

Materials Required to Build a Pergola

white pergola

The materials required to build a pergola will depend on the design and size of the structure, but some common materials that may be needed include:

  • Lumber (such as pressure-treated pine, Cedar, or redwood) for the posts, beams, rafters, and purlins.
  • Screws or nails to fasten the lumber together
  • Concrete mix and post anchors to secure the posts in the ground
  • Beams or joists hangers to secure the beams to the posts
  • A decorative or protective finish for the wood, such as paint, stain, or sealer
  • Hardware (such as bolts or lag screws) to secure the rafters and purlins to the beams
  • Shade cloth or another type of roofing material (such as shingles or metal roofing) if desired
  • Landscaping fabric and pea gravel or other drainage material, if desired
  • Optional decorative elements such as lattice, lighting, or plant hangers

How to choose the right wood for your Pergola?

sofa set under a pergola

When choosing the right wood for your Pergola, there are several factors to consider:


Some woods are naturally more resistant to decay and insect damage than others. Pressure-treated pine, Cedar, and redwood are all durable options for outdoor use.


Different woods' natural colors and grain patterns can give your Pergola a unique look. For example, Cedar and redwood have a warm, natural look, while pressure-treated pine is a more affordable option that can be painted or stained.


Lumber prices can vary depending on availability and location. Pressure-treated pine is typically the most affordable option, while Cedar and redwood are more expensive.


Some woods require more maintenance than others. For example, Cedar and redwood will require regular staining or sealing to protect them from moisture and UV rays, while pressure-treated pine is more rot and decay-resistant. Still, the arbor may require painting or staining to keep its appearance.

Local availability

Some woods may be more readily available in certain regions than others. Therefore, checking with local lumber yards and home improvement stores is better to see what's readily available.


Some woods are more sustainable than others. Choosing woods that are sustainably grown and harvested can help reduce the impact on the environment.


Some woods may have chemical properties that make them incompatible with certain finishes or adhesives, so it's important to check compatibility with the products you plan to use.

How to Build a Pergola?

metal pergola

Building a pergola can be a challenging DIY project, but with proper planning and execution, it can be done successfully. Here are the general steps to building a pergola in your backyard:


As with any construction project, wearing the appropriate safety gear and working safely is important. Use proper tools and equipment and be aware of any potential hazards.

Prep the Area

Clear the area where the Pergola will be built and level the flooring as necessary.

Plan Pergola Design and Dig Holes for Posts

Determine the size and design of the Pergola, and mark the locations for the posts at a degree angle. Next, create a posthole digger for the posts at least 24 inches deep and of the proper width for the type of post anchor you will be using.

Determine Roof Design

Decide on the roofing material you will use and plan the design accordingly.

Add On

Assemble the Pergola on the ground, ensuring all the pieces fit together properly.

Raise the Roof

Carefully lift the Pergola into place and secure the posts in the posthole digger at equal distances with post anchors and concrete.


Add any decorative elements, such as vines, lattice, or hanging jasmine planters, and apply any necessary finishes to the wooden posts, such as paint or stain. If there are any further queries, you can email for any manual guide.

Optional features of a Pergola

attached pergola

Pergolas can be customized to include various features to enhance functionality and aesthetic appeal. Some optional features that can be added to a pergola include:

Shade cover

Adding a shade cover to a freestanding pergola can protect it from the sun and increase the amount of usable space. This can be done with a retractable canopy, shade cloth, or even a more permanent roofing material like shingles or metal roofing.


Adding lighting to a pergola can extend the use of the space into the evening and create a beautiful ambiance. This can be done with string lights, lanterns, or built-in lighting fixtures.


Built-in jigsaw seating or a separate seating area can be added to a pergola to provide a comfortable place to relax and entertain.


Incorporating storage into a DIY pergola design can provide a convenient place to store outdoor furniture, cushions, or other items.

Water feature

Adding a water feature like a fountain or small pond can create a soothing and relaxing atmosphere.

Outdoor Kitchen

Adding an outdoor kitchen to a pergola can provide a convenient and functional space for cooking and entertaining.

Climbing plants

Incorporating climbing plants like ivy or morning glories can add visual interest and a natural element to the Pergola.

Fire feature

Adding a fire feature, such as a fire pit or outdoor fireplace, can provide warmth and a focal point for gathering.

Pros & Cons of Building a Pergola

sofa under a pergola

The pros & cons of building a Pergola are:


  • A pergola can provide much shade and shelter from the sun, making your outdoor space more usable and comfortable.
  • A beautiful pergola can add visual interest and aesthetic appeal to your outdoor space, increasing the value of your property.
  • A pergola can provide a focal point for outdoor entertaining and gathering.
  • A pergola can also be a great way to grow climbing plants and create a natural element in your outdoor decor.
  • A pergola can also be a great addition to the existing patio, deck, or pool, increasing the living space of your property.


  • Building a pergola can be a significant investment, both in terms of money and time.
  • A pergola requires maintenance, such as staining or painting, to protect the wood from moisture and UV rays.
  • A pergola may not protect completely from the elements, such as heavy rain or strong winds.
  • A pergola project may not be suitable in areas with heavy snowfall.
  • Due to zoning or building regulations, a pergola may not be allowed in some areas or neighborhoods.

Is there any maintenance required for my Pergola after I have built it?

Yes, some basic maintenance is required for a pergola to ensure that it is kept in good condition. Depending on the material used (wood, metal, vinyl, etc.), this may include cleaning, staining, painting, or sealing the Pergola.

Additionally, check for loose or damaged parts and periodically check for signs of wood rot or insect damage.

Bottom Line

Building a pergola is a great way to add a beautiful and functional structure to your backyard. You can easily create a stunning and unique pergola for your outdoor space with the right materials, tools, and patience.

Follow the steps outlined in this guide to ensure your project is successful. Remember to take the time to plan out your project, measure twice, and make sure you have all the necessary supplies before beginning.


Where can I buy materials for building a Pergola?

Home improvement stores like Home Depot and Lowe's are great places to start when buying materials for building a pergola. You can also find supplies online from places like Amazon and eBay or specialty pergola suppliers.

How long does it take to build a Pergola?

The time it takes to build a pergola can vary depending on the size, design, and materials used. It also depends on the skill level of the person building it.

Basic pergola plans can take anywhere from a few days to a week to build. More elaborate or custom designs may take longer, up to several weeks or more.

The time can also be affected by weather or other factors such as the availability of materials or workforce.

Should I hire someone else to help me build my own Pergola?

It depends on your skill level and how complicated the DIY pergola is. You can build the Pergola yourself if you feel confident in your abilities. However, if you're not comfortable with the task, hiring someone else may be beneficial. Be sure to research local contractors to ensure that you find a reputable and experienced individual.

Is it cheaper to build your own Pergola?

It can be, depending on the materials and tools you use. Building a pergola from scratch can save you money compared to purchasing a pre-made pergola kit.

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About The Author
ritik n.
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Ritik N.
Digital Marketing Specialist
Ritik N. is a Digital Marketing Specialist at Arka Energy, merging his professional prowess with a deep passion for sustainable living and solar energy. Advocating for renewable solutions, Ritik channels his expertise to promote eco-consciousness and advance the adoption of solar energy for a brighter future.
ritik n.
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Tushti B.
Content Writer
Tushti Bajaj is a dedicated content specialist at Arka Energy, blending her diverse background in media, research, and publications. Holding qualifications from the University of Delhi and Delhi Technological University, she brings enthusiasm and drive to her work, fueled by her passion for sustainability. With a keen eye for detail and a commitment to excellence, Tushti is dedicated to crafting engaging and informative content.

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